Republic Day

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Republic Day Of India

Every year Republic Day is celebrated in India on 26th January with grandeur. Magnificent parades at Janpath, New Delhi, comprising the Indian National Army and national flag hoisting in various parts of the country are common practices followed on this day. In year 2020, it will mark India’s 71st Republic Day.

Republic day of india
Republic day of india

History of Indian Republic Day

After gaining independence from the British rule, the new constitution was drafted by the drafting committee helmed by Dr.BR Ambedkar. The Indian Constitution came into effect on 26 January 1950. January 26th was chosen as the date because on this day in 1930, the Indian National Congress proclaimed Purna Swaraj, the declaration of India’s independence from the colonial rule.

How is Indian Republic Day celebrated?

Republic Day is celebrated all over India with great pride and zeal. It’s a day to honour the Constitution of independent India. National flag hoisting in schools and colleges are common. Cultural events championing India’s struggle for freedom is held nationwide. In New Delhi, the national flag is hoisted by the President of India at India Gate.

Public Life During Republic Day

Like mentioned earlier, Republic Day is a public holiday on 26 January every year. All local, state and national level government offices shall remain closed on the day. Commercial outlets and other business organisations shall remain closed or have reduced working hours. Public transport remains unaffected since many locals travel for celebrating the festival.


Republic Day symbolises the right spirit of Independent India. The important symbols of the festival include the exhibition of military equipment, the national flag and military equipment.

Interesting Indian Republic Day Facts

  • Purna Swaraj Day or India’s Independence Day was first celebrated on January 26, 1930. This was the day the country decided to push for complete freedom from the British.
  • The country celebrated its first Republic Day almost 3 years after we acquired Independence. The date was January 26, 1950.
  • There are two copies of the Indian Constitution, one in English and one in Hindi. Both copies of the Constitution of India are handwritten.
  • The Constitution of India took around 2 years 11 months and 18 days to be drafted. The task of writing the Indian Constitution was given to a Drafting Committee that was lead by Dr. BR Ambedkar
  • The Indian Constitution is the longest one to be written in the world. It has 444 articles divided into 22 parts and 12 schedules. Recently, 118 amendments were added to the Constitution.
  • There are no printed copies of the Constitution of India. The Indian Constitution is only calligraphed.
  • The original copies of the Constitution of India are preserved in helium-filled caskets at the Library of Parliament House.
  • Republic Day was first celebrated at Rajpath in the year 1955.
  • ‘Jana Gana Mana’, the National Anthem of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on January 24, 1950.
  • Dr. Rajendra Prasad was sworn in as the first President of India on January 26, 1950, at 10:24 am.
  • During the first Republic Day, the President of India was greeted by a 31 gun salute.
  • On the eve of Republic Day, the country is addressed by the President of India.
  • Awards such as the Kirti Chakra, Padma Awards, and Bharat Ratna are announced on the eve of Republic Day.
  • The Indian Air Force came into existence as an independent body on Republic Day. Prior to this, the Air Force was a controlled body.
  • The country followed the Government of India Act, 1935 which was compiled and laid down by the British Government.


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